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Permaculture Tree Species List
This page contains information on:
Fruit Trees  -  Windbreak Trees  -  Edible Windbreak Trees
Fire Retardant Trees  -   Cabinet Timber

Fruit Trees
Name Distance between plants Height of mature tree Info
Avocado 10m 10m -
Bananas 2m up to 10m -
Black Mulberry 10m 10m -
Blue Berry 1.5m 3m -
Brazil Cherry 4m 6m -
Japanese Raisin Tree 3m 3m -
Custard Apple 5m 5m -
Feijoa 3m 3m -
Five Corner Fruit 6m 6m -
Guava 3m 5m -
Grumichama 6m 8m -
Ice-Cream Bean 10m 20m -
Jaboticaba 4m 5m -
Lemon 3m 3m -
Lime 3m 3m -
Longan 8m 10m -
Loquat 4m 8m -
Macadamia 5m 10m -
Mango 5m up to 20m -
Natal Plum 1m 5m -
Olive 4m 4m -
Orange 4m 4m -
Passionfruit 3m vine -
Pawpaw 2m 6m -
Persimmon 4m 5m -
Pepino 1m 1m -
Pumelo 2m 5m -
Tamarillo 2.5m 4m -
Black Sapote 8m 5m -
White Sapote 6m 15m -
White Mulberry 3m 5m -


Windbreak Species (mainly rainforest species)
Common Name Botanical Name Size
Black Bean Castanospermum Australe large
Black Wattle Acacia de Currens medium, quick growth
Black Wood Acacia Melanoxylon medium, fast growth
Blueberry Ash Elaeocarpus Reticulatus medium, fast growth
Blue Lilly Pilly Syzygium Oleosum small, fast growing
Blue Quandong Elaeocarpus Grandis large, fast growth
Brisbane Golden Wattle Acacia Fimbriata small, fast growth
Broad leaved Tea Tree Melaleuca Quinquenerva medium to large
Brush Box Lophostemon Confertus large, fast growth
Bumpy Ash Flindersia Schottiana large, fast growing
Bunya Pine Araucaria Bidwillii large, fast growth
Carol Myrtle Backhousia Myrtifolia small, medium
Coastal Banksia Banskia Intregrifolia medium size
Crows Ash Flindersia Australis large
Flame Tree Brachychiton Acerefolius medium size
Forest She Oak Allocasuarina Torulosa medium size
Lemon Scented Myrtle Backhousia Citriodora small, fast growth
Lilly Pilly Acmena Smithii fast growing shrub
Macaranga Macaranga Tanarius small tree, fast growth
Native Mulberry Pipturus Argenteus small
Plum Myrtle Pilidiostigma Glabrum small, fast growing
River She Oak Casuarina Cunninghamiana large
Silky Myrtle Decaspermum Parviflorum small
Silky Oak Grevillea Robusta large/fast growing
Sweet Pittosporum Pittosporum Undulatum medium/fast growing
Weeping Bottlebrush Callistemon Viminalis fast growing shrub
Edible Windbreak Species
Common Name Comments Size
Arrowroot - 2m high
Brazilian Cherry - 2m high
Citrus - medium sizes
Feijoa - 3m high
Guava - 5m high
Loquat - 8m high
Natal Plum - 5m high
Olive - 5m high
Small Leaved Lilly Pilly - 8m high


Fire Retardant Tree Species List
Common Name Botanical Name Size
Brisbane Golden Wattle Acacia Fimbriata small, fast growth
Arrowroot - 30cm/2m high
Banana - 2m apart/7m high
Brush Cherry Syzygium Australe small, fast growth
Blackwood Acacia Melanoxylon medium height, fast growth
Blue Lilly Pilly Syzygium Oleosum small, fast growing
Cheesewood Glochidina Fernandii -
Feijoa - 3m apart/3m high
Flame Tree Brachychiton Acerifolius medium height & growth
Lilly Pilly Acmena Smithii fast growing shrub
Loquat Eriobotriya Japonica 4m apart/8m high
Macaranga Macaranga Tanarius small/fast growth
Mulberries - up to 10m
Riberry Syzygium Leuhmanii small to large
Sandpiper Fig Ficus Fraseri small, fast growth
Turpentine Syncarpia Laurifolia -
Weeping Lilly Pilly Waterhousia Floribunda medium/fast growth
White Beech Gmelina Leichhardtii medium/medium growth
White Cedar Melia Azedarach small-medium/ fast growth
Permaculture is all about making your trees and plants work for you.  These fire retardant and resistant species might save your house if careful thought is put into the species you have around.   Most bush fires come from a north to nor' westerly direction in Australia - that side of the property should be planted with these species.  Check the plants in your garden by burning their leaves.  The best plants have a high water content - snap a stem to check this.
Avoid the Myrtaceae family - eucalypts, tea trees, paper barks and bottle brushes.


Cabinet Timber
Common Name Botanical Name Size/Growth Rate
Black Booyong Argyrdendron Actinophyllm 30m, slow growth
Hoop Pine Araucaria Cunninghamii 50m
Black Bean Castanospermum Australe 30m/slow growth
Red Bean Dysoxylum Muelleri 30m/medium grower
Blue Quandong Eleocarpus Grandis 35m/fast growth
Crow's Ash Flindersia Australis 30m/medium-fast growth
Bumpy Ash Flindersia Schottiana 30m/fast growth
Silky Oak Grevillea Robusta 25m/fast growth
White Beech Gmelina Leichhardtii 30m/slow grower
White Cedar Melia Azedarach 25m/fast growth
Burdekin Plum Pleiogynium Timorense 20m high, slow grower

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