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Food Additives
All numbers have a prefix of "E" - CHECK LABELS CAREFULLY

For Further Research into the topic of Food Additives
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See more information on food additives here

No. Type Chemical Name Origin Effects on Humans Foods
102 Colouring Tartrazine Synthetic, azo dye Can cause wakefulness in children,
Can affect asthmatics, Causing itching, rhinitis (runny nose) & blurred vision.
Confectionery, fruit juice cordials, soft drinks, canned fruit, canned peas, brown sauces, pickles and flavoured pie fillings.
110 Colouring Sunset Yellow FCF Synthetic coal tar & azo dye Hypersensitivity in aspirin-sensitive people, producing urticaria (nettle rash), swelling of skin, gastric upset, vomiting. Fruit juice cordials, packet rifle mix, hot chocolate mix, packet soup and confectionery.
122 Colouring Azorubine (carmoisine) Synthetic, azo dye Can produce adverse reactions in sensitive people - aspirin allergics or asthmatics.
Reactions include nettle rash & oedema.
Jelly crystals, confectionery, pre-packaged sponge fillings, pre-packages Swiss roll, marzipan, brown sauce.
123 Colouring Amaranth Synthetic coal tar & azo dye Banned in America in 1976.
Possible connection to malignant tumours.
Package cake, trifle mix, jelly crystals, fruit-flavoured fillings.
124 Colouring Ponceau 4R Synthetic coal tar & azo dye Azo dye to be avoided by asthmatics & aspirin-sensitive people. Desert toppings, canned strawberries, packet cheesecake, cake mix, trifle mix, jelly crystals.
127 Colouring Erythrosine Synthetic coal tar dye Possible large amounts affect the thyroid gland. has been implicated in minimal dysfunction of children. Glace cherries, scotch eggs, biscuits, custard mix, canned cherries, rhubarb, strawberries.
132 Preservative Indigotine Synthetic coal tar dye Avoid if history of allergy.
May cause vomiting or nausea, high blood pressure.
Biscuits, confectionery.
200 Sorbic Acid Sorbic Acid Synthetically manufactured for commercial use from ketene Possible skin irritant. Almost every food product - mixed dried fruit, sausage meat, beer, cider, fruit juice, low-kilojoule jam, gelatine, wine & vinegar.
210 Preservative Benzoic Acid Chemical synthesis Asthmatics & nettle-rash sensitive people should avoid. Reported to be responsible for neurological disorders. Cordial, chilli paste, brewed soft drinks, fruit juice, non-diary dips & non-canned tomato juice.
211 Preservative Sodium Benzoate Sodium salt of benoic acid Combined with 102 can exacerbate allergic reactions in asthmatics or people with sensitive skin. As above.
212 Preservative Potassium Benzoate Potassium salt of benoic acid Inadvisable for asthmatics or those allergic to aspirin. As above.

No. Type Chemical Name Origin Effects on Humans Foods
213 Preservative Calcium benzoate Calcium salt of benzoic acid. Can cause adverse reactions in asthmatics & aspirin-sensitive people. Fruit juice cordials, flavoured cordials, soft drinks, fish marinades.
220 Preservative Sulphur dioxide Oldest food additive produced chemically by combustion of sulphur. May cause gastric irritation. Can precipitate an asthma attack. Fruit juices, cider, low-kilojoule jam, mixed dried fruit, dehydrated peas, cordials, syrups, flavoured toppings, pickles.
221 Preservative Sodium sulphate Sodium salt of sulphurous acid - stops browning of potatoes, etc. To be avoided by those with impaired kidneys or liver. Can cause skin & gastric irritations, diarrhoea. As above & uncooked prawns & shrimps.
222 Preservative Sodium Bisulphate Sodium salt of sulphurous acid - preservative for alcoholic beverages. To be avoided by asthmatics & those with impaired organs. reduces thiamine content. As above.
223 Preservative Sodium metasulphate Commercially manufactured. Known to cause allergic skin reactions. Bread & flour products.
224 Sulphites Potassium Metabisulphate Commercially manufactured. Can cause allergic skin reactions and gastric irritation. Fruit juices, cider, low-kilojoule jam, mixed dried fruit, dehydrated peas, cordials, syrups, flavoured toppings, pickles.
249 Preservative Potassium nitrite Curing agent - potassium salt of nitrous acid. Nitrites can affect the blood's ability to transport oxygen, causing breathing difficulties, headaches. Not permitted in foods for children. Corned, cured, pickled, manufactured & pressed salt meats.
250 Preservative Sodium nitrite Manufactured from sodium nitrate. Can cause breathing difficulties & headaches. Canned, manufactured, cured & pressed meat.
251 Preservative Sodium nitrite Natural mineral. As above. Forms small amounts of nitrosamines. Hazardous poison & possible carcinogenic. Slow-dried meat, prosciutto ham & manufactured meat.
252 Preservative Potassium nitrite Manufactured from waste - animal or vegetable material. Anaemia, kidney inflamation, vomiting, muscular weakness. As above.
282 Preservative Calcium propionate Occurs naturally in Swiss cheese. Some links to migraines. Bread & flour products.
283 Preservative Potassium propionate Occurs naturally in fermented foods. Some links to migraines. Bread & flour products.
311 Anti-Oxidant Octyl gallate Obtained by acid or alkaline hydrolyse. Not permitted in foods intended for infants.
Can cause adverse reactions in asthmatics & aspirin-sensitive people.
Edible fats, spreads, lard, dripping & margarine.
312 Anti-Oxidant Dodecyl gallate Obtained by acid or alkaline hydrolysis. May cause problems in asthmatics & aspirin-sensitive people. Edible fats, margarine, salad oils & essential oils.
321 Anti-Oxidant Butylated hydroxytoluene Synthetic preparation for use with petroleum & rubber products. Has been linked to reproductive failures (high doses in experimental animals) Food by absorption from food wrapping. Also Pecan & walnut kernels.
620 Glutamates (inc. MSG)
Flavour enhancer
L-Glutamic acid Commercially produced from carbohydrates solution of bacterium. Inadvisable for children. See MSG below.
Contains gluten.
Low-sodium salt substitutes.
621 Glutamates (inc. MSG)
Flavour enhancer
Monosodium glutamate Commonly found in plant & animal tissue, Sodium salt of gulamic acid known as glutamates. In susceptible adults it causes vomiting, dizziness, headaches.
Animal experiments show brain damage.
Contains gluten.
Not permitted in foods manufactured for children & infants.
occurs in sauces, packet soups, quick soups, flavoured noodles, condiments.
622 Glutamates (inc. MSG)
Flavour enhancer
Monopotassium glutamate Synthetic Can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea & abdominal cramps.
Contains gluten.
Low-sodium & salt substitutes

check labels carefully

Print out - take it shopping with you!  Your health & that of your children is at risk!
Help prevent the use of these additives by choosing goods carefully when you shop! 
The consumer can have an influence on the composition & production of foodstuffs!

See more information on food additives here

For Further Research into the topic of Food Additives
see these books from

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